nabi6_Monika Skolimowskapicture alliance via Getty Images_ai health Monika Skolimowska/picture alliance via Getty Images

How AI Could Reshape Medicine

While much of the global policy debate about artificial intelligence has focused on how not to use the technology, it is crucial to consider how AI tools could make medicine more compassionate and efficient. Used in a responsible and ethical manner, AI could usher in an era of data-driven health care that improves outcomes for all.

BOSTON – On a recent international trip, I found myself running late to the airport. Not being fluent in the local language, I used a translation app that enabled me to convey the urgency of my situation to the taxi driver. The app’s camera feature also allowed me to understand the road signs, providing real-time updates.

This is just one example of how digital innovations, particularly artificial intelligence, are reshaping our world. With recent studies showing that AI models can now identify early signs of health complications such as sepsis, these technologies are poised to revolutionize medicine, too.

These rapid technological advances also underscore the urgent need for AI regulation. The European Union’s Artificial Intelligence Act, which is expected to be approved in the second half of 2024, is a prime example. This pioneering law classifies AI systems according to their risk levels and explicitly bans specific high-risk applications, such as social scoring and emotion recognition, that pose a threat to personal safety, civil liberties, and democratic governance. It also highlights the importance of transparency and explainability, so that users can access information about AI-generated decisions.